Rollover in the Forex Market and Finding the Best Rates
What does rollover mean in the context of the forex market?
Trading Rollover FAQs Rollover Rates & When is a ... - Forex
What Is Rollover In Forex? - FXCM UK
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Daily rollover (swap) interest for IB spot forex trading.
I want to open an IB (interactive broker) trading account for spot forex.
I have no way to find the place for daily position carrying interest (rollover or swap).
Is there a place to set your leverage level, e.g., 1:30 or 1:100.
It is NOT clear how the rollover (swap) being calculated. For example, I have $10K cash in my account and I want to long $100K GBP.USD. How the interest is calculated daily? Do I get interest paid if I long the higher interest currency.
I am a professional Day Trader working for a Prop Fund, Hope I can help people out and answer some questions
Howdy all, I work professionally for a proprietary trading fund, and have worked for quite a few in my time, hope I can offer some insights on trading etc you guys might have. Bonus for you guys Here are the columns in my trading journal and various explanations where appropriate: Trade Number – Simply is this the first trade of the year? The 10th?, The 50th? I count a trade that you opened and closed just one trade number. For example if you buy EUUSD today and sell it 50 pips later in the day and close out the trade, then that is just one trade for recording purposes. I do not create a second trade number to describe the exit. Both the entry and exit are under the same trade number. Ticket Number – This is ticket number / order ID number that your broker gives you for the trade on your platform. Day of the Week – This would be simply the day of the week the trade was initiated Financial Instrument / Currency Pair – Whatever Financial Instrument or currency pair you are trading. If you are trading EUUSD, put EUUSD. If you are trading the EuroFX futures contract, then put in Euro FX. If you are trading the emini S&P, then put in Emini S&P 500. If you are trading a stock, put in the ticker symbol. Etc. Buy/Sell or Long/Short – Did you buy or sell to open the new trade? If you bought something to open the trade, then write in either BUY or LONG. If you sold(shorted) something to open a trade, then write in SOLD, or SHORT. This is a personal preference. Some people like to put in their journals as BUY/SELL. Other people like to write in Long/Short. My preference is for writing in long/short, since that is the more professional way to say it. I like to use the lingo where possible. Order Type – Market or Limit – When you entered the trade was it a market order or limit order? Some people can enter a trade using a combination of market and limit orders. If you enter a trade for $1 million half of which was market order and the other half was limit order, then you can write in $500,000 Market, $500,000 Limit as a bullet points. Position Size / Units / Contracts / Shares – How big was the total trade you entered? If you bought 1 standard lot of a currency pair, then write in $100,000 or 1 standard lot. If you bought 5 gold futures contracts, then write in 5 contracts. If you bought 1,000 shares of stock, then write in 1,000 shares. Etc. Entry Price – The entry price you received entering your opening position. If you entered at multiple prices, then you can either write in all the different fills you got, or specify the average price received. Entry Date – Date that you entered the position. For example January 23, 2012. Or you can write in 1/23/12 . Entry Time – Time that you opened the position. If it is multiple positions, then you can specify each time for each various fill, or you can specify the time range. For example if you got $100,000 worth of EUUSD filled at 3:00 AM EST, and another $100,000 filled at 3:05 and another $100,000 filled at 3:25, then you can write all those in, or you can specify a range of 3:00 – 3:30 AM EST. Entry Spread Cost (in pips) – This is optional if you want to keep track of your spread cost in pips. If you executed a market order, how many pips did you pay in spread. Entry Spread Cost (in dollars) – This is optional if you want to keep track of your spread cost in dollars. If you executed a market order, how many dollars did you pay in spread. Stop Loss Size – How big is your stop loss size? If you are trading a currency pair, then you write in the pips. If you are trading the S&P futures contract, then write in the number of points. If you are trading a stock, then write in how many cents or dollars your stop is away from your entry price. % Risk – If you were to get stopped out of the trade, how much % loss of your equity is that? This is where you input your risk per trade expressed in % terms if you use such a position sizing method. If you risked 0.50% of your account on the trade, then put in 0.50% Risk in dollars – If you were to get stopped out of the trade, how much loss in dollars is that. For example if you have a $100,000 account and you risked 1% on a trade, then write in $1,000 dollars Potential Reward: Risk Ratio – This is a column that I only sometimes fill in. You write in what the potential reward risk ratio of the trade is. If you are trading using a 100 pip stop and you expect that the market can reasonably move 300 pips, then you can write in 3:1. Of course this is an interesting column because you can look at it after the trade is finished and see how close you were or how far removed from reality your initial projections were. Potential Win Rate – This is another column that I only sometimes fill in. You write in what you believe the potential win rate of this trade is. If you were to place this trade 10 times in a row, how many times do you think you would win? I write it in as percentage terms. If you believe the trade has a 50% chance to win, then write in 50%. Type of Inefficiency – This is where you write in what type of inefficiency you are looking to capture. I use the word inefficiency here. I believe it is important to think of trading setups as inefficiencies. If you think in terms of inefficiencies, then you will think in terms of the market being mispriced, then you will think about the reasons why the market is mispriced and why such market expectations for example are out of alignment with reality. In this category I could write in different types of trades such as fading the stops, different types of news trades, expecting stops to get tripped, betting on sentiment intensifying, betting on sentiment reversing, etc. I do not write in all the reasons why I took the trade in this column. I do that in another column. This column is just to broadly define what type of inefficiency you are looking to capture. Chart Time Frame – I do not use this since all my order flow based trades have nothing to do with what chart time frame I look at. However, if you are a chartist or price action trader, then you may want to include what chart time frame you found whatever pattern you were looking at. Exit Price – When you exit your trade, you enter the price you received here. Exit Date – The date you exited your trade. Exit Time – The time you exited your trade. Trade Duration – In hours, minutes, days or weeks. If the trade lasts less than an hour, I will usually write in the duration in minutes. Anything in between 1 and 48 hours, I write in the hours amount. Anything past that and I write it as days or weeks as appropriate, etc. Pips the trade went against you before turning into a winner – If you have a trade that suffered a draw down, but did not stop you out and eventually was a winner, then you write it how many pips the trade went against you before it turned into a profitable trade. The reason you have this column is to compare it to your stop loss size and see any patterns that emerge. If you notice that a lot of your winning trades suffer a big draw down and get near your stop loss points but turn out to be a profitable trade, then you can further refine your entry strategy to get in a better price. Slippage on the Exit – If you get stopped out for a loss, then you write in how many pips you suffered as slippage, if any. For example if you are long EUUSD at 1.2500 and have your stop loss at 1.2400 and the market drops and you get filled at 1.2398, then you would write in -2 pips slippage. In other words you lost 2 pips as slippage. This is important for a few different reasons. Firstly, you want to see if the places you put your stop at suffer from slippage. If they do, perhaps you can get better stop loss placement, or use it as useful information to find new inefficiencies. Secondly, you want to see how much slippage your broker is giving you. If you are trading the same system with different brokers, then you can record the slippage from each one and see which has the lowest slippage so you can choose them. Profit/Loss -You write in the profit and/or loss in pips, cents, points, etc as appropriate. If you bought EUUSD at 1.2500 and sell it at 1.2550, you made 50 pips, so write in +50 pips. If you bought a stock at $50 and you sell it at $60, then write in +$10. If you buy the S&P futures at 1,250 and sell them at 1,275, then write in +25 points. If you buy the GBP/USD at 1.5000 and you sell it at 1.4900, then write in -100 pips. Etc. I color code the box background to green for profit and red for loss. Profit/Loss In Dollars – You write the profit and/or loss in dollars (or euros, or jpy, etc whatever currency your account is denominated in). If you are long $100,000 of EUUSD at 1.2500 and sell it at 1.2600, then write in +$1,000. If you are short $100,000 GBP/USD at 1.5900 and it rises to 1.6000 and you cover, then write in -$1,000. I color code the box background to green for profit and red for loss. Profit/Loss as % of your account – Write in the profit and/or loss as % of your account. If a trade made you 2% of your account, then write in +2%. If a trade lost 0.50%, then write in -0.50%. I color code the box background to green for profit and red for loss. Reward:Risk Ratio or R multiple: If the trade is a profit, then write in how many times your risk did it pay off. If you risked 0.50% and you made 1.00%, then write in +2R or 2:1 or 2.0. If you risked 0.50% and a trade only makes 0.10%, then write in +0.20R or 0.2:1 or 0.2. If a trade went for a loss that is equal to or less than what you risked, then I do not write in anything. If the loss is greater than the amount you risked, then I do write it in this column. For example lets say you risk 0.50% on a stock, but overnight the market gaps and you lose 1.50% on a trade, then I would write it in as a -3R. What Type of trading loss if the trade lost money? – This is where I describe in very general terms a trade if it lost money. For example, if I lost money on a trade and the reason was because I was buying in a market that was making fresh lows, but after I bought the market kept on going lower, then I would write in: “trying to pick a bottom.” If I tried shorting into a rising uptrend and I take a loss, then I describe it as “trying to pick a top.” If I am buying in an uptrend and buy on a retracement, but the market makes a deeper retracement or trend change, then I write in “tried to buy a ret.” And so on and so forth. In very general terms I describe it. The various ways I use are: • Trying to pick a bottom • Trying to pick a top • Shorting a bottom • Buying a top • Shorting a ret and failed • Wrongly predicted news • Bought a ret and failed • Fade a resistance level • Buy a support level • Tried to buy a breakout higher • Tried to short a breakout lower I find this category very interesting and important because when performing trade journal analysis, you can notice trends when you have winners or losing trades. For example if I notice a string of losing trades and I notice that all of them occur in the same market, and all of them have as a reason: “tried to pick a bottom”, then I know I was dumb for trying to pick a bottom five times in a row. I was fighting the macro order flow and it was dumb. Or if I notice a string of losers and see that I tried to buy a breakout and it failed five times in a row, but notice that the market continued to go higher after I was stopped out, then I realize that I was correct in the move, but I just applied the wrong entry strategy. I should have bought a retracement, instead of trying to buy a fresh breakout. That Day’s Weaknesses (If any) – This is where I write in if there were any weaknesses or distractions on the day I placed the trade. For example if you are dead tired and place a trade, then write in that you were very tired. Or if you place a trade when there were five people coming and out of your trading office or room in your house, then write that in. If you placed the trade when the fire alarm was going off then write that in. Or if you place a trade without having done your daily habits, then write that in. Etc. Whatever you believe was a possible weakness that threw you off your game. That Day’s Strengths (If any) – Here you can write in what strengths you had during the day you placed your trade. If you had complete peace and quiet, write that in. If you completed all your daily habits, then write that in. Etc. Whatever you believe was a possible strength during the day. How many Open Positions Total (including the one you just placed) – How many open trades do you have after placing this one? If you have zero open trades and you just placed one, then the total number of open positions would be one, so write in “1.” If you have on three open trades, and you are placing a new current one, then the total number of open positions would be four, so write in “4.” The reason you have this column in your trading journal is so that you can notice trends in winning and losing streaks. Do a lot of your losing streaks happen when you have on a lot of open positions at the same time? Do you have a winning streak when the number of open positions is kept low? Or can you handle a lot of open positions at the same time? Exit Spread Cost (in pips) – This is optional if you want to keep track of your spread cost in pips. If you executed a market order, how many pips did you pay in spread. Exit Spread Cost (in dollars) – This is optional if you want to keep track of your spread cost in dollars. If you executed a market order, how many dollars did you pay in spread. Total Spread Cost (in pips) – You write in the total spread cost of the entry and exit in pips. Total Spread Cost (in dollars) – You write in the total spread cost of the entry and exit in dollars. Commission Cost – Here you write in the total commission cost that you incurred for getting in and out of the trade. If you have a forex broker that is commission free and only gets compensated through the spread, then you do not need this column. Starting Balance – The starting account balance that you had prior to the placing of the trade Interest/swap – If you hold forex currency pairs past the rollover, then you either get interest or need to pay out interest depending on the rollover rates. Or if you bought a stock and got a dividend then write that in. Or if you shorted a stock and you had to pay a dividend, then write that in. Ending Balance – The ending balance of your account after the trade is closed after taking into account trade P&L, commission cost, and interest/swap. Reasons for taking the trade – Here is where you go into much more detail about why you placed the trade. Write out your thinking. Instead of writing a paragraph or two describing my thinking behind the trade, I condense the reasons down into bullet points. It can be anywhere from 1-10 bullet points. What I Learned – No matter if the trade is a win or loss, write down what you believed you learned. Again, instead of writing out a paragraph or two, I condense it down into bullet points. it can be anywhere from 1-10 bullet points. I do this during the day the trade closed as a profit or loss. What I learned after Long Term reflection, several days, weeks, or months – This is the very interesting column. This is important because after you have a winning or losing trade, you will not always know the true reasons why it happened. You have your immediate theories and reasons which you include in the previous column. However, there are times when after several days, weeks, or months, you find the true reason and proper market belief about why your trade succeeded or failed. It can take a few days or weeks or months to reach that “aha” moment. I am not saying that I am thinking about trades I placed ten months ago. I try to forget about them and focus on the present moment. However, there will be trades where you have these nagging questions about they failed or succeeded and you will only discover those reasons several days, weeks, or months later. When you discover the reasons, you write them in this column.
Any of u guys got info about xm dot com something fishy they don’t disclose their xm mark up in long swap value rates
It’s this calc Trade size * closing price * ( +/- short term interbank rate - the xm mark up) I’m not sure what to put there instead for the calc for my excel sheets Any help appreciated cheers It’s for both stocks and forex over night rollover values I asked em and they said it is not fixed rate and they can’t disclose the amount Cheers
If I close my position right before my broker applies the rollover then re-open the position after, I wouldn't have to pay the difference in interest rates? For example, rollovers on Forex.com is applied at 5 PM ET. If I close the position at 4:58 and re-open the position at 5:01, I'm safe from the rollover fee? ... But obviously I'd have to pay the spread again.
How do you earn carry on bond trading? I know you can earn the daily rollover rate on the interest rate spread in forex pairs, and I’ve heard of ppl doing it with bonds too. I just don’t know how that works. Anyone out here doing it?
Rolled Over 401k to IRA with Trust Company, Started LLC, got IRA funds distributed to LLC
It's my money. I'll do what I want with it. But how to do this without making Uncle Sam mad and not taking a penalty for early withdraw? Found this avenue on accident when looking for a Forex broker. Found a local trust company, explained to them I wanted to trade Forex (and possibly invest in more rental properties when that market takes a crap) and wanted to know how I could use my old 401k (403b) to accomplish this. Here are the steps in crude form:
Trust opens a Traditional IRA for you and help you initialize 401k rollover
Setup a Manager-Manged LLC (Not Member-Managed) with appropriate Operating Agreement stating you as the Manager and your Trust as the only Member
Register with the state to get a State business ID, register the LLC with the IRS to get an EIN
Setup a business bank account and have funds transferred to the business bank account and then maintain records off everything
You CANNOT distribute any of this money to yourself (legally). Any brokerage accounts or real estate would have to be purchased under the LLC. Waiting on the distribution from the Trust to the LLC bank account as I type this. You can also keep contributing to that IRA and passing it through to the LLC and claim tax deductions if you're eligible. For now I plan on doing standard long term stock investing, possibly throw some at BTC, and invest in another rental property.
Rollover is the interest paid or earned by a trader for holding a position overnight. Interest is paid on the currency that is borrowed and earned on the one that is bought. Since every currency trade involves borrowing one currency to buy another, interest rollover charges are part of forex trading. forex signal
Came across couple threads on here about people discussing SL hunting Market Makers and quite a few said that all this is baloney... Since its Friday and I just finished analyzing the screws ups of the week, I decided to write a short post about the matter from my experience as my PERSONAL opinion. To begin with, Stock Trading and Options communities have a general consensus that some kind of 'shady activities' occur. It's actually almost a mainstream idea, thanks to movies like Wolf of Wallstreet and people like Musky with his 'funding secured'. Along with countless other charged and non charged insider trading individuals and entities. I imagine I don’t have to explain the ‘crypto’ market a place where they actually run ads to join a group and then pump and dump some shitty coin. Anyway enough of other folks, lets move on to Forex. To cut it simply, Banks have already been caught red handed collaborating in chat rooms on how to manipulate the price to their advantage. (https://www.reuters.com/article/us-banks-forex-settlement-idUSKBN0O50CQ20150520) So this should answer your question if there WAS Market Maker who moved markets.... Yes there was and its not some conspiracy theory, they've been found, charged, fined. Its up to you to decide if this is still going on or just stopped overnight. Do these people SL hunt your individual positions? No, but what they do is seek liquidity... Chances are, you have placed SL after your usual textbook analysis at a major support/resistance as many other retailers... Experienced Whale traders at CITI, JP etc know where you have these SL. They also know where you most likely placed your pending buy/sell with tight SL. All they have to do is drive the price enough to take out all of the above and stopped out positions will fuel their direction... Combine that with creation of some 'other pattern' and you have bunch of other people jumping on the train going same directions as the institutional trader. Job done. Now onto the Brokers. From my experience, there is no such thing as a good Market Maker Broker... Yes there are absolute awful unregulated ones with dealing desk where you will most likely never withdraw any profits and some not so bad ones like Oanda, Forex without a dealing desk. Ask how Oanda, Forex.com make their money... They will tell you its by spreads... Open up Oanda and check out average spreads and go to 'maximum' ... You will see some rather crazy spreads during news that if you ever traded on ECN would seem alien to you... Same goes to Rollover... Its up to you to decide if these things are just because Oanda and Gain have liquidity providers that are extremely in-flexible or..... Lets not go far for a recent example, just open up EUUSD 1Minute chart of todays closing. ECN broker closed today at 1.6220 vs 1.6225 aka 0.5 pip spread and thats as high as the price went in last closing minutes... Spread did not jump anywhere much really - I was there to watch it. Now lets open up Oanda chart on Tradingview... What do we see here? A spike to 1.16262 on last minute - now lets go and check Oandas maximum spread at this exact time, we find that it is exactly 6 pips. Lets look at the chart again and think where a small time 'retail trader' that trades on small TF's would put their SL. Probably at 1.16254, 1.16282, 1.16293 area and lastly (same as me) 1.16323 area... Neither one of these would have been hit if you traded with ECN Broker... All of these with exception of last one (would be a really close call) would have been hit by Oanda or Forex.com today. Again its up to you to decide if this is just because Gain and Oanda have such 'interesting' liquidity providers or a broker that makes money on spreads is... you know... making money on spreads... So here is my 2 cents... This again is my personal opinion.
Looking for advice to generate some income streams through Etrade (US)
Hey Everyone, I was hoping to get some advice on how to generate some revenue streams utilizing my etrade account. Any advice would be helpful, here's some background. As far as my portfolio goes, I suppose it's pretty non existent. I have a few healthy 401k's, and some Rollover IRA's housed with Etrade and of course a savings. I also have another portfolio within my etrade that I use for investments, but it's primarily playing around with stocks that are generally long term investments. what i'd like to do is utilize my etrade account to start generating some revenue monthly. I have low expectations and i'm not looking to live off of this, but instead learn and generate a couple hundred bucks a month and eventually of course more. I'm not necessarily looking to day trade, so here's where the question comes in; is there anything i can do along the lines of buying into perhaps ETF's or mutual funds that would be liquid enough for me to net some profit from? for example, could i start with a lump sum of a couple of thousand dollars and buy into 1 or multiple ETF's or mutual funds that i could extract the daily/weekly/monthly gains and either reinvest it or withdraw it, pay the taxes and use the rest for bills etc? is there any other advice or suggestions that would involve generating more liquid gains from a higher investment monthly? example, starting with a lump sum of a couple of thousand and every paycheck having a couple of hundred dollars withheld to add into the investment? perhaps dollar cost averaging? Forex trading? net net, how can I make my money work for me, even just a little?
I'd like to hedge my currency risk as I'm an European investor who invests in an S&P500 etf. I've been advised by multiple articles from serious sources on the internet that I should go long EUUSD in order to protect me from the negative consequences of the pair's volatility. I think EUUSD is likely to go higher and I do not want to take that risk anyway. The problem is that they don't talk about rollover rates and other expenses that come with holding a forex position for a long period of time. I do not want to pay too much to hedge currency. What would you do in my position?
Hi, I started trading with a small live account a few weeks ago after demoing a lot. I opened an account with an STP broker (straight through processing ) which offers low spreads on most forex pairs. But during off market hours/rollovers and before market closes at friday the spreads increase a lot. Normally it is not a problem if EURUSD jumps from 1 pip to 5-7 pips for an hour or if minors temporarily have a spread of 10-12 pips. But sometimes the spread widening during these hours is extreme: I was in a long position on GBPCHF which I took about 8 hours prior when the spread was normal, but before the market closed yesterday, there was a spread of 24!! pips which caused my stop loss to be triggered. I checked other brokers and price feeds and price never traded near this level my broker had. My quesion is: How can I avoid being stopped out during these illiquid periods when the spread tends to widen? Of course I don't open positions during these times but as a swing trader I often keep trades open a few days so I have to manage them correctly. Would it help to move my stop loss accordingly to the spread widening of the broker and after spread returns back to normal to place it again where it originally was? Apart from this I am very satisfied with my broker and it is the first time I got stopped out because of spread widening during illiquid periods. (rollovemarket closing at firday) What would you reccomend and how do you deal with theses situations? Thanks for your help
Before going ahead with the forex trading, it is so very important to understand the essentials and basics of the same. As a newbie forex trader, having a basic understanding of common forex trading terms is recommended. Here you can check out 19 most important and common trading terms used in the Forex world.
Investor based in Europe trying to hedge currency risk
I'm currently investing in the S&P500 and I take a dollar-cost-averaging approach. I'm living in Europe but I have more faith in the American Economy than mine. The problem is that I don't want to take the risk of sabotaging my returns because of the currency pair EUUSD so I'd like to know if you guys have any advise on how to protect myself from that. I am already familiar with two solutions: 1) Advice on the internet says go long on EUUSD but they never talk about forex rollover rates that eats your money when you hold a position for a long period of time. 2) I could buy an etf that is already currency hedged like the iShares IUSE but I'm not sure if it hedges the currency completely or not.. What would you guys do in my situation?
What am I missing? A (flawed) strategy on using interest rate differences and forex hedging?
I just can't figure out what's the catch. I must be missing something crucial, but I just don't see what. Let's say I have savings in US dollars. (Alternatively, I can borrow USD at really low rates.) Then, I can deposit money in a foreign bank account with insurance in a foreign currency. All legal and in solid banks. Let's assume some currency of a developing country. High volatility, moderate to low political risks, high interest rates. (There are several such currencies I have in mind to diversify. I'm not talking about political risks at the moment, but I am aware of such.) Let's say that such deposit would yield me 10% per year in that foreign currency. The problem is of course the risk of that foreign currency losing value faster than the interest rate I'm getting paid in the currency. If after the first year I get 10% more but that currency is devalued by 20% compared to USD, then I would end up with less dollars when converted back to US dollars. To address that, I would simultaneously open a long position for USD/XXX with a forex broker (I would in effect sell back that XXX currency and buy USD, for as long as the position remains open.) So, I would take US dollars, convert them to currency XXX, deposit at a foreign bank at high interest rate. At the same time, I would go long for the same amount (notationally) of XXX. I would use little leverage to make sure I don't get a margin call. Part of the available US dollar savings would be used for that. The lot size of USD/XXX would match what I would deposit in a foreign bank in XXX. If XXX goes up compared to USD, then my long position loses me money, but I make it back when converting that foreign deposit back to USD. If XXX goes down, then my bank deposit would be worth less, but I would make money on my long position. There is roll cost and conversion spread (both for the trade and for the deposit) and there are political risks and there is still a risk of a margin call, if leverage is greater than one. But theoretically, I could even do with without leverage. If I have, say, $200k. Then I would set aside $100k (plus the maintenance) for the forex broker. And would open a lot for that amount (minus the maintenance), and would convert a matching amount to XXX and then would deposit XXX. The way I look at it, I would effectively be getting 10% interest in USD. Well, that would be 10% minus the associated costs. But the costs could still be less than 10%. And risks as really limited only to political risks. I wouldn't invest in a country that's at war. But there are plenty of developing countries that pay 10%+ on deposits in their currencies. But must be missing something. It can't be that simple. So what am I missing? Would the rollover completely kill any profit margin?
MetaTrader 4 Testing Issue. 1 week live test does not come close to 1 week back test on SAME DATA.
Hi, I have had a testing problem with MT4 for awhile. I'm not sure if others have had this issue how to solve this. I am using a MT4 test account at FXCM. I have written a EA to auto-trade. Through back testing, I've determined my parameters. I have a computer dedicated to running FOREX MT4 24/7. I load the EA into that computer with my parameters and let it run for a week (Sunday - Friday). To check that result, I run a back-test on that week with the same EA and Parameters. The problem is that the results are NOT EVEN CLOSE. I can understand changing spreads and rollover, but I cant account for these large of differences. I would appreciate your guidance and suggestions!
FXCM CEO Drew Niv Discusses Firm's Future after the CHF Crisis
Hi Everyone, Our CEO Drew Niv held a Q&A with Forex Magnates which will answer many questions we have received over the past couple of weeks http://forexmagnates.com/exclusive-fxcm-inc-ceo-drew-niv-discusses-firms-future-after-the-chf-crisis/. Please understand that some questions I can't answer since we are a publicly traded company and it may be material information, but we will get to all questions in due time. What happened on January 15th after the SNB announcement? What was the immediate impact of the SNB announcement on the company’s systems? At the time of the SNB announcement over 3,000 FXCM clients held slightly over $1 billion in open positions on EUCHF. Those same clients held approximately $80 million of collateral in their accounts. As you know this was the largest move of a major currency since currencies started floating 1971. The EUCHF move was 44 standard deviation moves, while most risk management systems only contemplate 3-6 standard deviations. The moved wiped out those clients’ account equity as well as generated negative equity balances owed to FXCM of over $225 million. We believe that the FXCM system operated properly during this event. The caveat of our no dealing-desk execution system is that traders are offset one for one with a liquidity provider. When a client entered a EUCHF trade with FXCM, FXCM Inc. had an identical trade with our liquidity providers. During the historic move, liquidity became extremely scarce and shallow, which affected execution prices. This liquidity issue resulted in some clients having a negative balance. While clients could not cover their margin call with us we still had to cover the same margin call with our banks. When a client profits in the trade FXCM gives the profits to the customer, however, when the client is not profitable on that trade FXCM Inc. ends up having to pay the liquidity provider. FXCM ended with a regulatory capital shortfall. Accordingly, FXCM needed to get a loan to cover this balance, which it did. For anyone that still thinks FXCM is running an FX dealing desk, we have now demonstrated that such is not the case. Why do you think many people traded EUCHF with FXCM? Because we are a no dealing-desk broker and offset each trade one-for-one with our liquidity providers, and only make money on trades not customer losses. We published a study a few years ago called “traits of successful traders” that looked at FXCM traders over a long period of time and their general behavior to find what was destructive behavior to stay away from and what worked for clients. The study focuses on what the majority of profitable traders did to increase their odds of success. What the study found was that traders who traded during quiet range-bound market hours like Asian hours OR that traded rang- bound low volatility currency pairs tended to be more profitable. Obviously many of our competitors who are on the opposite side of their clients’ trades did not find this trade to be helpful to their bottom line, as they lose money when traders profit. We saw many of the dealing desk firms begin to increase overnight rollover cost as well as raise margin requirements to get these trades off their system and that’s why FXCM and other STP brokers had much bigger exposure. Why did FXCM require an emergency loan with such tough terms? As a regulated broker we are required to notify our regulators in a timely manner when any event occurs that may be deemed sensitive to clients. When we notified the regulators, they required FXCM Inc.’s regulated entities to supplement their respective net capital on an expedited basis. We explored multiple debt and equity financing alternatives in an effort to meet the regulator’s deadline. The deal we ended up doing with Leucadia was the only deal that could and would happen in the very short timeframe we were given by the regulators. The CEO and the president of Leucadia were here in the office working on the deal. It was a tall order for someone outside of the FX industry to come in and write a $300 million dollar check. This was the type of thing only top management could do. But they see the sustainability of FXCM, and that was everyone’s end goal. We really are very thankful to Leucadia. The deal enables us to live and fight another day and gives us time to build shareholder value in the future. You said you plan to pay back the loan with proceeds from sales of non-core assets so what are non-core assets and will that be enough? We announced last week that we anticipate that with the proceeds from the sale of some non-core assets and continued earnings we can meet both near and long-term obligations of our financing, while preserving the strength of our franchise. It’s widely known and understood that FXCM’s core business has always been retail FX; It is the majority of FXCM’s revenue. However, over the past few years, the company has spent over $250 million dollars making strategic acquisitions building up our non-core businesses, mainly the institutional side as we tried to diversify the firm. We are now looking to sell some of those non-core assets; But, we are not in a rush and are looking to get the highest valuations for these assets. We are considering closing or selling smaller regulated entities that require large sums of capital requirements, but that offer increasingly low return on capital. The latter move allows us to free up significant amounts of cash that is currently trapped. We believe that in the near term we can pay down a majority of the loan. That’s our goal. What happens after 90 days according to your agreement with Leucadia? The agreement says we need to pay back $50 million of the loan along with $10 million in fees in 90 days. If we don’t pay that $60 million, we will be assessed an additional $30 million in fees when the loan is due in 2017. So we are going to pay our $60 million and hopefully more in 90 days and then go from there. To be clear, the financing does not force us to do anything at 90 days. Will you be selling FXCM? I absolutely do not plan on selling FXCM. Like I said we will be selling non-core assets but no I don’t plan on selling FXCM. That is also why we implemented the shareholder rights plan to prevent a hostile takeover. FXCM has been independent for over 15 years and we intend to stay that way. Are client funds safe with FXCM? Yes. As we have said, we believe FXCM’s systems operated properly during this event. I’ll stress it here again, FXCM is not insolvent, has not filed for any form of bankruptcy, and is in compliance with all regulatory capital requirements in the jurisdictions in which it operates. The financing we received from Leucadia has strengthened our balance sheet and gives us the opportunity to grow our core business. With Leucadia, our pockets are even deeper and we aren’t going anywhere. Additionally, all of our regulated entities except the U.S. provide clients with segregated funds. All of our global client base in our regulated entities minus US clients would be protected under a bankruptcy. Our UK regulated entity through the FSCS even offers clients £50,000 per person in protection. Canada has similar insurance for retail traders of up to $1 million CAD. What are the relationships like with your liquidity providers after this event? Many of these relationships are long-standing relationships. The entire industry took a hit here. They understand what happened. Most everyone halted trading in EUCHF, but half of our liquidity providers kept providing prices in all other pairs the entire time. Half of the LPs did stop pricing FXCM on Friday January 16th, but most have returned. We presently only have two providers that have not yet returned, but we are optimistic that they will soon return. There is still plenty of liquidity on the platform. Most banks and other liquidity providers have been working very closely with the FXCM team. Where do you see FXCM in six months from now? We will be well on our way to paying down the loan and continue to grow our core franchise. FXCM still has the best platform for retail traders, we still provide the fairest and more transparent execution in the business and we have a slew of new trading indicators and applications that no one in the space is even considering offering their clients. We’ll still be here; We may just look a little different. Here are a few things we are working to get out in the next six months: Single Share CFDs – We are going to be offering the top 200 or so most traded US, UK, French and German stocks. We are going to offer these shares on the equivalent of NDD in FX. Improving CFD execution – Sharpening execution capabilities to match some of the benefits of our FX capabilities for Index and Energy CFDs to remove restrictions on stops and limits, allowing APIs, along with tighter spreads. Market Depth in FX – clients will be able to see the depth of liquidity which will provide them more transparency with execution quality and allow them to make more informed trading decisions. Real Volume indicators – clients will have a real volume ticker of all trades done on the FXCM system, which will show clients’ actual order flow; they can see directional volume, so long, short, net or total volume as well as balance on volume per instrument; and finally we have an indicator to show the ratio of real volume divided into transactions per period. These indicators will let clients compare our trading activity against other independent providers who also publish volumes like the CME, and clients will be able to compare execution. Sentiment Index – We will be providing FXCM’s client sentiment data in real-time as a default on the platform so clients can see where the rest of the clients are. These software updates and platform features are bringing much more transparency to the retail FX market aimed at improving the client experience in the market. With your stock price so low, is that an indication of the health of your company? While it is true that FXCM’s stock price dropped after the events of January 15th, we do not believe that the present stock price is indicative of the health of the company. The stock price does not impact our day to day operations as a company. With the injection of cash from the Leucadia financing, the core retail business is functioning completely as normal. We have excess regulatory capital in all our regulated entities and never had to pause trading or interrupt client’s trading experience. As we announced in our business update, daily volume on the retail side was on pace to set an all-time company record. Why didn’t the dealing desk brokers have these types of losses? A dealing desk broker does not have offsetting trades. If the customer is long a trade the broker is short that trade, so when the customer makes a profit on a trade the broker loses. When the customer loses on the trade then the broker is profitable. Obviously on January 15th most clients lost money so the dealer was very profitable. Even for clients that blew through their stops and had negative balances with these firms, the dealer doesn’t have a liquidity provider that it owes money to. They can essentially act like the negative balances never happened and enjoy their profits. What is FXCM changing with regards to their risk management systems? The primary change we will be making is removing currency pairs from the platform that carry significant risk due to over-active manipulation by their respective government either by a floor, ceiling, peg or band. Given what happened with EUCHF the industry is now looking very hard at any potentially similar issues, especially given the increased geopolitical risks in Southern and Eastern Europe. We will also be raising margin requirements for other pairs as well. Some of these changes will be permanent while others may change as geopolitical risks change. The pairs we are removing from the platform were not material to our volume or our revenue. Some of the currencies we are removing include DKK, SGD, HKD, PLN and CZK. FXCM made some material changes in margin requirements for clients. Are those changes permanent or temporary in nature? When you look at some of the changes we made to margin requirements, look at them in three different categories: 1. Some of the changes we made were required by regulators, and therefore we had to comply with these changes. 2. When you look at emerging market currencies, the banks and our liquidity providers were raising margin requirements to eliminate any potential risk of large gaps. 3. Previously liquid Western country currencies, like the DKK or CHF, which now carry risk because they are manipulated currencies, have become less liquid. Despite what the media thinks about leverage, we know the clients like it and want more, it’s the number 1 or number 2 request our sales staff has been getting the past week. We understand the importance of this to our clients but we just need to be smart about it moving forward. What is Black Thursday’s long-term impact on the retail foreign exchange industry? In what ways has it changed the direction the industry is going? Banks are raising their margin requirements, too. A lot of these currencies that carry any type of geopolitical risk with them are going to lose support and liquidity. Investors always had little faith in emerging market currencies but always believed in Western countries’ currencies even if they were manipulated in some way, but that’s gone. Switzerland is a Western country and if they can pull the shenanigans they did with their currency, what’s to say other western countries won’t do the same? The market is going to be very sceptical as they can only stand to lose; The risk is just too high now. It’s too bad really as these pairs historically had low volatility, were range-bound and were very profitable trades for clients.
I've had the Chase Marriott for nearly a year now (renewal mid October). Beyond the welcome bonus I use it infrequently enough but get value out of paying for Marriott hotel stays (~40 stays this year) where the point accumulation is pretty good (~8:$1) and when travelling or online purchasing internationally to avoid the 2.5% ForEx fees. Trying to decide if it's worth paying the $120 to renew for the year (with the bonus of a category 1-5 hotel stay - which I seem to have a hard time using) versus cancelling. My 3 options as I see them:
Rolloverenew paying $120 and getting a Cat 1-5 hotel stay (low value)
Cancel and reapply in x months. 2a. Any good ideas on how long one should wait to receive a 2nd sign-up bonus/waived first year? 2b. Would probably sign up for the Amazon.ca card - is it straightforward t slide across from the Marriott without a credit hit?
Cancel and have my fiancee apply for the Marriott card and ask her to provide a (no fee I believe) supplementary card. As I understand it Marriott rewards points are transferable between spouses. My initial application to get the card was not straightforward (was denied initially for some technicality despite excellent credit, very good income) and will be applying for a mortgage in the months ahead.
My investment plan Hello all I wanted to share my investment plan here to get some advice and ask some questions. A little background about me I’m married have abo both still in college almost done and I’m 25 both have stable jobs. We have no real debt to speak of. I have been trading in forex for two years never have really loss or gained any returns. But I only invested only $200 just to put a toe in the water. I’m here not to ask for advice on buying a particular stock I know that’s not real welcome, I’m more here to gain more insight and to discuss my investment plan and take suggestions. However over the past couple of months I have grown more concerned of our finical future and began to think more on the lines of short(day to day) medium(5-10 years) and long (retirement) terms when it comes to investing. The way I’m thinking of breaking my investments down are in three ways: Long term (retirement) I’m thinking about doing a Roth IRA account, I do have a retirement account with my employer( that I really do need to check on I have not touched it since I opened it.) I’m not sure which broker I want to go with for a Roth IRA, however I do have a few questions about how the interworking’s work. I plan on wanting this option to be more hand off not much interaction however the most interaction every quarter. I know you’re supposed to feed money to the account during the year, but how much money do you need to open the account? Also does the money come from your Check when one gets paid or does one make the despots on their own from there bank account? Can it also be monthly deposits and can those be variable $50 one month $100 the next month or $0? Form what I have read its best to choose Index funds and not picking the stocks yourself, the indexes should give your IRA a good diversification. Or how should I invest it. Should I consider a Lazy portfolios like what is suggested here http://www.bogleheads.org/wiki/Lazy_portfolios ? I don’t want to rollover my current retirement account with my employer is there any negatives to having the retirement account with my employer and opening a Roth IRA and have two retirement account? I have looked at vanguard since it was recommend by investing for the longer term option, besides there low fees why go with them? I have look at their site they are currently a top contender. Also the suggestion from this thread (http://www.reddit.com/investing/comments/gfr26/i_have_5000_to_invest_but_i_know_nothing_about/ ) seems to be in line with what I have plan. Medium (5-10) years For medium term investments I’m thinking of doing dividend reinvestment plans and Direct Stock Purchase Plans. For this I have selected a company and I wouldn’t mind having this money tied up and the stock is cheap. http://www.coca-colacompany.com/investors/shareowner-services one can buy stock from them and the stock you directly hold and one gets paid dividends and they are reinvested. I will probably look at other companies as my capital grows but I was wanting to use Coca-Cola as a starting point for DRP and DSP. What does investing think? *Day to day * I do have experience in trading the forex market, never have really made anything and I have not blown an account. Here I’m thinking of just day to day trading, I choose forex over day trading stocks because it’s what I already know and placing each trade is cheaper than what I have seen when trading stocks. I know forex seems to be risky however what other day to day investment tool is not risky…. I don’t plan on putting a lot of money here just something to earn extra cash from. Gold and silver I also do over time however plan on buying physical gold and silver, I won’t put a lot into this but if the opportunity comes up and the above is being well funded and I have spare income I do plan on buy silver then gold. High interest online bank I see this mention quite a bit does investing have a compiled list? Or recommend a online bank? Summary So that’s my investment plan and questions. I’m sure some will find major holes in it but if you do all I ask is give your reason and a suggestion. Didn’t expect this be this long, but hey I gave a warning. I don’t expect one person to be able to answer all of these questions, so don’t feel like you have to just if you have something to say or suggest just chime in. If you have any questions just ask. Thanks for taking the time to read.
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A rollover in forex markets refers to moving a position to the following delivery date, in which case the rollover incurs a charge. Depending on whether a trader has a long or short position, they ... Forex trading involves significant risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. Full Disclosure. Spot Gold and Silver contracts are not subject to regulation under the U.S. Commodity Exchange Act. *Increasing leverage increases risk. GAIN Capital Group LLC (dba FOREX.com) 135 US Hwy 202/206 Bedminster NJ 07921, USA. GAIN Capital Group ... Da zwischen dem Tausch und dem Rücktausch der beiden Währungen oft mehrere Tage oder sogar Wochen liegen, fallen dementsprechend auch Swap Gebühren (andere Broker bezeichnen dies oft auch als Rollover) an. Swap Gebühren bezeichnen somit also die angefallenen Zinsen für das Halten von Forex Positionen über Nacht. Mit dem Halten über Nacht ... Rollover/swaps are charged on the client's forex account only on the positions kept open to the next forex trading day. The rollover process starts at the end of day, precisely at 23:59 server time. There is a possibility that some currency pairs may have negative rollover/swap rates on both sides (Long/Short). When the rollover/swap rates are in points, the forex trading platform converts ... In forex, rollover is calculated for application to an investor's trading account Monday through Friday at 5 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. On weekends, the forex market is closed for business, but rollover values are still being counted. Typically, forex books an interest amount equal to three days of rollover on Wednesdays. Holidays during which the forex market is closed still provide a ... Ein Rollover im Forex-Handel ist der Zins, der für das Halten einer Währungsposition über Nacht verdient oder gezahlt wird. Es ist eine Gelegenheit für Trader, abhängig von ihrem Verständnis davon, entweder einen Gewinn einzufahren oder einen Verlust zu erleiden. Wie man als Trader mit einem Rollover Geld verdient, wird im folgenden Beispiel erläutert. Rollover – ein Beispiel . Zur ... How do I view FOREX.com's rollover rates? You can access our rollover rates directly from our trading platforms. Advanced Desktop Platform: Click on the "i" icon next to a market in a Watchlist to view details on that market. Mit Forex kann man schnell viel Geld verdienen, doch es gibt einige Punkte, die ein Trader unbedingt kennen und beachten sollte. Dazu gehört auch der sogenannte Rollover. Unter einem Rollover beim Trading versteht man die Zinsen, die ein Händler zahlen muss beziehungsweise die er erhält, wenn er eine Position über Nacht hält. Forex Broker Rollover Comparison (in pips) – Sept. 27, 2017 – Myfxbook. The chart above shows rollover rates for a snapshot in time of four different currency pairs. When considering the best rollover rates, or whether your broker is competitive, consider both the long and short rates, not just the side you are currently on. When looking at the EURUSD, Berndale Capital and Tickmill have ... Ein Rollover im Forex-Handel ist der Zins, der für das Halten einer Währungsposition über Nacht verdient oder gezahlt wird. Es ist eine Gelegenheit für Trader, abhängig von ihrem Verständnis davon, entweder einen Gewinn einzufahren oder einen Verlust zu erleiden. Wie man als Trader mit einem Rollover Geld verdient, wird im folgenden Beispiel erläutert. Rollover – ein Beispiel . Zur ...
An explanation of how rollover and swap works in the forex market. Interest rates are based on overnight lending rates, which are then applied to leveraged forex trades. See more now at http://www.SociableTrading.com Join a social trading investment network revolution - Review - rollover rate The best social trading network. ... Forex SWAP Explained - Q&A on the Swap and Rollover Rates Forex swap rate is often a topic that is underestimated by traders, although we are dealing with it every single day. In forex, a rollover means that a position is extended at the end of the trading day without settling. For example, an investor has a long 100,000 EUR/USD at a rate of 1.3000. The EUR interest ... When you trade forex (fx), you need to be aware of rollover or swap charges/gains. Here we tell you about rollover costs and how they're calculated. The rollover can stream-roll a lot of futures traders that get the timing wrong on the move from one contract to the next in futures. https://www.SimplerTrading.com https://www.facebook.com ...